Portrait of cardinal Jules Mazarin (1602-1661) by Pierre Mignard

Jules Mazarin (July 1602 – March 1661), born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino or Mazarini, was an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the chief minister of France from 1642 until his death.  Mazarin succeeded his mentor, Cardinal Richelieu. He was a noted collector of art and jewels, particularly diamonds, and he bequeathed the “Mazarin diamonds” to Louis XIV in 1661, some of which remain in the collection of the Louvre museum in Paris.

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Further reading


  • Wikipedia for background, portrait.