Montalcino is a hill town and comune in Tuscany, Italy. It is now famous for its Brunello di Montalcino wine but John Evelyn mentions that the town was then famous for the “rare Muscatello [wine]”.
The town is located to the west of Pienza, close to the Crete Senesi in Val d’Orcia. It is 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Siena, 110 kilometres (68 mi) from Florence and 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Pisa. The Monte Amiata is located nearby.