Portrait of Louis XIII of France (1601-1643) by Peter Rubens. Circa 1622-1625

Louis XIII (September 1601 – May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged to the French crown.

Louis succeeded his father Henry IV as king of France and Navarre a few months before his ninth birthday. His mother, Marie de’ Medici, acted as regent during Louis’s minority. Mismanagement of the kingdom and ceaseless political intrigues by Marie de’ Medici and her Italian favourites led the young king to take power in 1617 by exiling his mother and executing her followers, including Concino Concini, the most influential Italian at the French court.

Louis XIII relied heavily on his chief minister Cardinal Richelieu to govern the kingdom of France.


FatherHenry IV of France
MotherMarie de’ Medici
Spouse: Anne of Austria

Offspring:   Louis XIV of France Philippe I, Duke of Orléans

Referring entries

Further reading


  • Wikipedia for background, portrait.