Catherine de’ Medici, April 1519 – January 1589) was an Italian noblewoman who was Queen of France from 1547 until 1559, as the wife of King Henry II. As the mother of three sons who became kings of France during her lifetime she had extensive, if at times varying, influence in the political life of France. For a time she ruled France as its regent.


Father: Lorenzo II de’ Medici
Mother: Madeleine de La Tour d’Auvergne
Spouse: Henry II, King of France

Referring entries

Further reading


  • Wikipedia for background, portrait.