Detail from “Portrait von Ferdinando II de’ Medici” by Justus Sustermans. 17th C.

Ferdinando II de’ Medici (July 1610 – May 1670) was grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the eldest child of Cosimo II de’ Medici and Maria Maddalena of Austria. His 49-year rule was punctuated by the beginning of Tuscany’s long economic decline. He married Vittoria della Rovere, with whom he had two children: Cosimo III de’ Medici, his eventual successor, and Francesco Maria de’ Medici, Duke of Rovere and Montefeltro, a cardinal.

John Evelyn mentions the Duke and his properties during his visit to Florence on 23 October 1644.


Father:  Cosimo II de’ Medici
Mother: Maria Maddalena of Austria
Spouse: Vittoria della Rovere

Referring entries

Further reading


  • Wikipedia for background, portrait.